Homelessness was used to be related to jobless people in poverty, but nowadays, McRefugees population are raising, referring to people who stay overnight in a 24-hour service McDonald nearby their work location as they are ill-afford of transportation and rents (林嘉瑜, 2016). According to statistics from the Social Welfare Department, the number of street sleepers reached more than 1,000 and approximately raised 50% comparing to four years ago. The number of female street sleepers nearly doubled (評論編輯室, 2018). The main reason is related to working poverty as they cannot even afford the raising rent of sub-divided flats. The government has been criticized for clearing homeless people from the street, but failed to provide adequate and comprehensive social policy on social security and labour market such as providing more friendly shelters, increase the number of outreach social worker, provide more temporary homes and providing public housing (鄒頌華, 2016; 評論編輯室, 2018)。
Edidin, J. P. et al. (2012). The Mental and Physical Health of Homeless Youth: A Literature Review. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 43(3), 354–375.
This paper study the characteristics of homeless youth such as their single-family background and abusive relatioinships with family members. Homelessness also have close connection to their physical and mental well-being and impulsive behaviors. Since they faced difficulties in seeking adequate health service, they have high risk of health issues, development and functioning problems. 引文
Kennett, P. & Mizuuchi, T. (2010). Homelessness, housing insecurity and social exclusion in China, Hong Kong, and Japan. City, Culture and Society, 1(3), 111–118.
This paper explore the relationship between homelessness, housing insecurity and sense of social exclusion in China, Hong Kong and Japan societies. 引文
Kornatowski, G. (2010). Partnerships and governance: Struggle, cooperation, and the role of NGOs in welfare delivery for the homeless in Hong Kong. City, Culture and Society, 1(3), 155–164.
This paper oveview Hong Kong's support for the homeless. It suggested reforms of social welfare and different nature of collaborations among service providers. 引文
Nyamathi, A. M. et al. (2005). Hepatitis C virus infection, substance use and mental illness among homeless youth: a review. AIDS, 19, S34–S40.
This paper examined the risk of substance abuse, mental illness and infections among homeless youth as well as their challenges to seek help. It recommendded an model of outreach case management for youth to provide adequate healthcare for them. 引文
Spence, S. et al. (2004). Cognitive dysfunction in homeless adults: a systematic review. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 97(8), 375–379.
This paper conducted a literature review to study how homeless individuals faced adversities and how it led to cognitive dysfunctioning. These cognitive dysfunctioning became challenges for them to integrate into the society. 引文