humans.asia 由賽馬會理大真人圖書網絡推動
故事 主題 量度 團體/項目 影片 聯絡我們 登入/註冊 ENG
Wefoto
故事 主題 量度 團體/項目 影片 聯絡我們 登入/註冊

主題

頁面建立日期
2018.10.04

頁面更新日期
2019.05.18

https://doi.org/10.30942/2.20181004.003

尋求庇護者 Asylum Seekers


簡介 Introduction

尋求庇護者是指因遭受酷刑、不人道對待、迫害等而向聯合國難民署申請難民資格的聲請人。香港雖未加入聯合國《難民公約》,但尋求庇護者及難民可來港後,須向入境處申請免被遣返及作出聲請,如獲確立難民資格及身份,即可安排前往第三國定居 (羅倩晴&劉軒, 2016)。截至2017 年9 月,超過 7,244名尋求庇護者及難民仍滯留香港(Lam, 2017),而2015年的財政年度開支超過六億元 (李君萍. 2016)。 尋求庇護者及難民的健康狀況並不理想,傳染病比率偏高,女性需要不同健康檢查及支援,孩童大多營養不足及成長出現遲緩的問題(Burnett & Peel, 2001)。有研究指37%的尋求庇護者有創傷後壓力症(PTSD)的特徵,其焦慮情況會因申請過程顯著轉差 (Silove, Sinnerbrink, Field, Manicavasagar & Steel, 1997)。 香港欠缺友善的難民政策,尋求庇護者滯港長達13年等待審核難民身份,以分發至其他國家重新定居生活 (林可欣, 2017),居住環境惡劣(賴嘉梨&黎綺婷, 2012),加上他們不能在香港合法打工,需領取猶如綜援的津貼過活,又被傳媒領頭標籤化,加深『難民』生活的困難及無視背後的制度問題 (林可欣, 2017)。 Asylum seekers are claimants who apply for refugee status from UNHCR due to torture, inhuman treatment, persecution, etc. Although Hong Kong has not joined the United Nations Refugee Convention, asylum seekers and refugees can apply to the Immigration Department for repatriation and making petitions when they arrive Hong Kong. If their refugee status and identity are confirmed, they can apply for residence in other countries (羅倩晴&劉軒, 2016). As of September 2017, more than 7,244 asylum seekers and refugees remained to be in Hong Kong (Lam, 2017), while spending in fiscal year 2015 exceeded $600 million (李君萍. 2016). The health status of asylum seekers and refugees is unsatisfactory. The prevalence of infectious diseases is high among them. Female asylum seekers require various health checks and support and children are mostly undernourished and sluggish (Burnett & Peel, 2001). Studies have shown that 37% of asylum seekers have characteristics of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and their anxiety is significantly worsened due to the application process (Silove, Sinnerbrink, Field, Manicavasagar & Steel, 1997). Hong Kong lacks a friendly-refugee policy. Asylum seekers are stranded in Hong Kong for 13 years waiting for the review of refugee status in the hope of settling in other countries (林可欣, 2017). Their living environment in Hong Kong is poor (賴嘉梨&黎綺婷, 2012). Since they cannot work legally in Hong Kong, they depend on subsidies and allowance which provide the approximate amount of CSSA. The media often deepen the difficulties of "refugee" life and ignore the structural problems behind (林可欣, 2017).

作者/Author: Carmen K.M. Yau

您需要登錄才能查看此內容。

lorem ipsum

sodales himenaeos netus

senectus venenatis erat

sed tristique

sed maximus dictum tellus

lacinia lectus convallis

commodo ad hendrerit

vitae leo

aenean ipsum

dui quis per sagittis nisi

viverra hendrerit

integer maecenas libero

etiam accumsan fringilla vehicula sollicitudin

lorem ac volutpat vestibulum

morbi eu tempus

erat feugiat magnis malesuada

iaculis eros penatibus nibh eleifend

metus nostra

massa ultricies a fusce

libero efficitur tempus condimentum ligula

penatibus cras porttitor

morbi pulvinar

pretium dapibus maecenas proin libero

interdum maecenas eleifend augue

×

回應/補充

* 必須填寫


! [姓名] * 必須填寫


! [電郵] * 必須填寫


! [網址] * 必須填寫

! [我有以下回應/補充] * 必須填寫

選擇附件 更改 刪除
(最多可上傳10個附件,總附件大小不得超過100MB。)
! [出了點問題,請再試一次。]
! [附件上傳超過了最大附件數量。]
! [上傳的附件超過100MB的大小上限。]


你已成功提交你的回應/補充。