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页面建立日期
2018.11.07

页面更新日期
2018.11.15

https://doi.org/10.30942/2.20181107.001
关键词﹕
#银髮人生

乐龄 Active Ageing


简介 Introduction

乐龄 (Active Ageing 或 Healthy Ageing) 由世界衞生组织所提出,指这是是「一个发展及维持长者的生活技能及身心健康的过程」(WHO, n.d.)。政府统计处预计2021年65岁或以上的人士约有1,322,500人,占总人口的15.7%,即每六名香港人中,约有一人是65岁或以上的长者 (Ad Hoc Committee on Healthy Ageing, 2001)。成功老龄化三大要素包括1) 健康管理及护理: 鼓励长者健康管理及生活模式的个人责任,强化长者医疗及护理的社会支援;2) 建立长者友善环境:为长者族群作适切的社区规划、交通及社区建设以助他们继续发挥现有的功能;3) 积极参与生活:提升长者在家庭、邻舍及社区层面能积极参与 (Ad Hoc Committee on Healthy Ageing, 2001)。

Healthy ageing (or active ageing) is introduced by WHO as “the process of development and maintaining the functional ability that enables well-being in older age” (WHO, n.d.). By 2021, it is estimated by Census and Statistics Department that there will be 1,322,500 senior citizen over aged 65 and over, accounting for 15.7% of the total population in Hong Kong. In order words, about 1 out of six people will be aged 65 or over (Ad Hoc Committee on Healthy Ageing, 2001). In the view of ageing as a healthy process with needs and potentials, Ad Hoc Committee on Healthy Aging (2001) recommended three main focuses include: 1) Health Management and Care: encourage personal responsibility on health management and healthy lifestyle. Also, enhance better community-based health and nursing services; 2) Ageing-in-place: design for barrier-free community, accessible transportation and caring support network to facilitate senior citizens to maintain their daily functioning; 3) Active Participation in Life: facilitate senior citizens to participate actively in family, neighborhood and community life.

作者/Author: Carmen K.M. Yau

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