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页面建立日期
2018.10.21

页面更新日期
2018.12.20

https://doi.org/10.30942/2.20181021.001
关键词﹕
#残障人士

大脑麻痹 Cerebral Palsy


简介 Introduction

大脑麻痺是一群神经发育疾病,每1000人中便影响著大约2.11人(Oskoui, Coutinho, Dykeman, Jetté, & Pringsheim, 2013)。这是其中一个最常见的儿童残疾。大脑麻痺的临床表现因人而异,当中包括运动协调能力不佳、震颤、肌肉僵硬和认知问题 (National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, 2013)。大脑麻痺通常由大脑发育异常或发育中大脑受损所导致 (e.g., 脑损伤、中风、脑部缺氧和童年时脑膜炎)。患有大脑麻痺的儿童通常需要介入治疗,譬如物理治疗、职业治疗、言语治疗和外科手术。介入的重点是尽可能增加患者的功能、独立性、活动能力和自理能力。这需要跨领域、多方面之照护。此外,心理健康问题在脑瘫患者中也很常见 (Foster, Rai, Weller, Dixon, &Weller, 2010)。

Cerebral palsy is a group of neurodevelopmental disease which affects about 2.11 out of 1000 people (Oskoui, Coutinho, Dykeman, Jetté, & Pringsheim, 2013). This is one of the most common childhood disabilities. The clinical presentations vary among patients, such as poor motor coordination, tremors, stiff muscles and cognitive impairments (National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, 2013). Cerebral palsy is often the result of abnormal brain development or damage to the developing brain (e.g., brain injury, stroke, hypoxia to the brain and meningitis during childhood). Children with cerebral palsy generally require interventions such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy and orthopedic surgery. Interventions focus on maximizing the person's function, independence, mobility and self-care abilities. A multidisciplinary approach is needed. Besides, mental health problems are also common among patients with cerebral palsy (Foster, Rai, Weller, Dixon, & Weller, 2010).

作者/Author: Hong Wang Fung

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