humans.asia 由賽馬會理大真人圖書網絡推動
故事 主题 量度 团体/项目 影片 联络我们 登入/注册 ENG
Wefoto
故事 主题 量度 团体/项目 影片 联络我们 登入/注册

主题

页面建立日期
2018.10.08

页面更新日期
2018.11.15

https://doi.org/10.30942/2.20181008.009

长期照顾者 Long-term Caregiver


简介 Introduction

照顾者是指照顾残疾人士、长者及幼童的起居饮食的人士。以残疾人士的照顾者为例,他们大多需廿四小时为残疾者提供医疗的支援及管理,以致个人的照顾,包括:如厕、洗澡及喂食(游佩珊, 2018) 。 虽然政府没有就照顾者提供统计资料,但香港妇女中心协会 (2011) 由 零散的资料中,可反映社会上有为数不少的照顾者。根据《 2015 年香港统计月刊专题文章:残疾人士及长期病患者》的资料,香港至少有 203,700 名与残疾人士同住的照顾者及 175,600 名与长期病患者同住的照顾者。 而《主题性住户统计调查报告书 - 第四十号报告书 - 长者的社会与人口状况、健康状况及自我照顾能力》中反映,有 133,400 名居家长者需要别人帮助起居生活。这些数据都未能全面反映认知障碍症、中风或其他老年问题的照顾者的数字。除了一般的幼童及儿童需要关顾外,有特殊学习需要 (SEN) 的儿童及人士 ( 尤其是幼年及在学期 ) 更需要各种不同的照顾。具体来说,教育局 2015/16 年度统计数字显示,有特殊学习需要 (SEN) 的学生约有 7,700 人。总括而言,数以万计的照顾者一直默默地为家人及社会付出。 照顾者压力不但影响受助者及照顾者的身心健康,照顾者往往因困在家里照顾家人要困在家中,形成社会的隔离 ( 谢树基 , 2018) 。此外,他们不少为全职照顾者,财政资源有限,受助者的医疗开支及平日生活费都显得紧绌。人口老年化令照顾重任不能限于家人所负担,政府及不同的组织都著力就照顾者的需要,提供不同的支援及服务,减轻照顾者的重担,并减轻提早将受助者送往院舍的需要 ( 智经研究中心 , 2016) 。

A caregiver or carer in this text is defined as a person who helps another person who has impairments related to disabilities or old age as well as toddlers and minors in daily chores and activities. For caregivers who take care of a person with chronic illness or impairments, their around-the-clock duties include managing their medication and health management as well as all sorts of personal care such as toileting, bathing and feeding ( 游佩珊 , 2018) . Although government statistics on caregivers is unavailable, some scattered data illustrated that there are a huge number of hidden caregivers in the community ( 香港妇女中心协会 , 2011) . According to the Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics (2015), there are at least 203,700 caregivers living with people with disabilities while 175,600 people are providing care for chronically ill patients at home. In addition, the Household Survey Report - Report No. 40 - Social and Population Status, Health Status and Self-care Capacity of the Elderly reveals that 133,400 senior citizens require help from others in daily activities. These statistics may not accurately reflect the number of caregivers of people with old age issues such as dementia, stroke or other geriatric problems are not included. In addition to ordinary toddlers and minors require babysitting and care, children and people with special education needs (SEN) need different sorts of care, particularly those who are under intensive training and education. To be more specific in the figures of SEN students, there is about 7,700 students from primary and secondary schools require different sorts of care according to Education Bureau statistics 2015/16. To sum up, there is a huge number of unsung heros providing cares of their love ones and contributing in the community in silence . Caregivers stress is not only asspcoated with physical and psychological wellbeing of caregivers and patients, but it also leads to social alienation as caregivers are usually trapped at home with patients for intensive care ( 谢树基 , 2018) . Furthermore, as the majority of them are full-time caregivers, they have limited financial resources to cover the medical expenditures and make two ends meet. Caregiving of the aging population is no longer limited to the family responsibilities; government and many organizations recognize the needs of caregivers and develop various support and services to avoid caregiver burn-out and pre-mature institutionalization of people with disabilities or old age ( 智经研究中心 , 2016) .

作者/Author: Carmen K.M. Yau

您需要登录才能查看此内容。

lorem ipsum

efficitur laoreet

condimentum maecenas

augue taciti litora pretium magna

etiam ante tristique vitae quam

consequat mi vivamus

gravida hendrerit

egestas porttitor

aliquam hendrerit nascetur

malesuada aenean leo non

vel eleifend egestas

vel potenti convallis

lectus sed

gravida senectus est curabitur luctus

eleifend hendrerit

×

回应/补充

* 必须填写


! [姓名] * 必须填写


! [电邮] * 必须填写


! [网址] * 必须填写

! [我有以下回应/补充] * 必须填写

选择附件 更改 删除
(最多可上传10个附件,总附件大小不得超过100MB。)
! [出了点问题,请再试一次。]
! [附件上传超过了最大附件数量。]
! [上传的附件超过100MB的大小上限。]


你已成功提交你的回应/补充。
theme-details.php